Most sheep illnesses are easy to treat if you catch them early. Many sheep illnesses are preventable. Proper care of your sheep is essential for the recovery of most sheep illnesses.
Sheep scab is an illness caused by a mite on the sheep’s skin. The illness sheep scab is treated by either dips or by injections.
The next sheep illness is scrapie. Scrapie affects the central nervous system. There is no cure for the disease. Since there is no treatment for this illness, it must be controlled by removing any sheep related to the affected sheep from the herd.
Another sheep illness is swayback. Swayback is caused by a deficiency of copper in lambs. Swayback affects the brain and muscle control. The illness swayback is preventable if the ewe is given an injection of copper preparation mid-pregnancy.
Orf is an illness that affects older lambs and ewes, it causes lip and face lesions. Orf is treated by giving the sheep orfoids orally and using a terramycin spray on the lesions.
Footrot is another sheep illness. Footrot causes lameness and is casued by an organism in the soil. The sheep illness footrot is treated with a paste containing copper sulphate. Regular cleaning of the sheep’s fett with a soulution containing copper sulphate is recommended for prevention.
A common sheep illness is hypomagnesaemia or grass staggers. Grass staggers is caused by a deficiency of magnesium and/or calcium. Sheep must have a daily intake of magnesium as their body is unable to store it. Grass staggers is treated with injections of burogluconate under the skin at different points on the body may save the sheep. Calcined magnesite spread on the pasture or mineral licks made available can help prevent grass staggers.
Bloat is an illness caused from excessive gas building up in the sheep’s stomach. This is caused by switching foods rapidly. Bloat is a sheep illness treated by stopping the formation of additional gas, while removing the gas that is present.
The most common illness in lambs is pneumonia. Pneumonia occurs when a lamb becomes stressed from too little milk or from ammonia from the urine in the bedding. Pneumonia in sheep is treated with injections of antibiotics and sulfamethazine. Selenium and vitamin E can help prevent pneumonia.
Enterotoxemia is another sheep illness. It affects sheep that consume large amounts of grains effected with bacteria. Enterotoxemia can be treated with type D toxoid vaccine. It is vital that the sheep is dewormed at the time of the vaccine. Enterotoxemia can be prevented by vaccinating the sheep.